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ARCHAEOLOGICAL MUSEUM ARTIFACTS
PALMYRAN TOMB CHAMBER The tomb chamber reproduced for the museum was built...
* Archaeological Museum -
New Building 3rd Floor - Gallery 1
SILOAM INSCRIPTION It was found in the underground tunnel that feed water...
* Archaeological Museum -
New Building 3rd Floor - Gallery 1
SIMURGH RELIEFS On the reliefs dated to the Byzantine Era, 10th century...
* Archaeological Museum -
New Building Ground Floor - Gallery 2
GEZER CALENDAR This inscription, made in the 10th century BC and called...
Archaeological Museum -
New Building 3rd Floor - Gallery 1
STATUE OF MARSYAS The Statue of Marsyas, dated to the Hellenistic period,...
* Archaeological Museum
Ground Floor - Gallery 16
TUMULUS OF VİZE The tumulus found in the province of Kırklareli is dated...
* Archaeological Museum - New Building
Ground Floor - Gallery 2
STATUE OF OCEANUS The statue brought from Ephesus and dated to the 2nd...
* Archaeological Museum
Ground Floor - Gallery 19
STATUE OF AN EPHEBOS This is the statue of an ephebos, i.e. a male teenager....
* Archaeological Museum
Ground Floor - Gallery 17
HEAD OF SAPPHO The Head of Sappho, an example of the portraits from...
*Archaeological Museum
Ground Floor - Gallery 18
STATUE OF TYCHE This is a copy of an artifact dating from the 4th century...
* Archaeological Museum
Ground Floor - Gallery 20
SARCOPHAGUS OF THE CRYING WOMEN

SARCOPHAGUS OF THE CRYING WOMEN

In the Sarcophagus of the Crying Women, found at the Royal Necropolis in Sidon like the Alexander Sarcophagus, nothing could be found other than the bones of its owner and a bronze belt buckle, since it had been robbed in an earlier time. From the partial traces on the marble that remained until today, it is understood that it had been dyed in blue and red initially. It is the best example of the group called by archaeologists "Sarcophagi with Columns", and it is considered as a final resting place, like the "Mausoleum of Halicarnassus" or the "Nereid Monument", rather than a tomb. Its architectural features were used in the architecture of the old building of the İstanbul Archaeological Museums. It is an example of the Greek sculpture displaying Eastern influences. The shaved heads, bear feet, ragged clothes of the figures and their movements and expressions of sadness are features of Semitic societies. It is thought to be the sarcophagus of the King of Sidon, Straton (374-358 BC), who was said to have led a life of pleasure. The sarcophagus has the shape of an Ionian temple.

It is thought that the figures of 18 sad women between the columns represent the wives of the dead person or the women in his seraglio, rather than crying women who were common in the Middle Eastern countries.

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