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ARCHAEOLOGICAL MUSEUM ARTIFACTS
PALMYRAN TOMB CHAMBER The tomb chamber reproduced for the museum was built...
* Archaeological Museum -
New Building 3rd Floor - Gallery 1
SILOAM INSCRIPTION It was found in the underground tunnel that feed water...
* Archaeological Museum -
New Building 3rd Floor - Gallery 1
SIMURGH RELIEFS On the reliefs dated to the Byzantine Era, 10th century...
* Archaeological Museum -
New Building Ground Floor - Gallery 2
GEZER CALENDAR This inscription, made in the 10th century BC and called...
Archaeological Museum -
New Building 3rd Floor - Gallery 1
STATUE OF MARSYAS The Statue of Marsyas, dated to the Hellenistic period,...
* Archaeological Museum
Ground Floor - Gallery 16
TUMULUS OF VİZE The tumulus found in the province of Kırklareli is dated...
* Archaeological Museum - New Building
Ground Floor - Gallery 2
STATUE OF OCEANUS The statue brought from Ephesus and dated to the 2nd...
* Archaeological Museum
Ground Floor - Gallery 19
STATUE OF AN EPHEBOS This is the statue of an ephebos, i.e. a male teenager....
* Archaeological Museum
Ground Floor - Gallery 17
HEAD OF SAPPHO The Head of Sappho, an example of the portraits from...
*Archaeological Museum
Ground Floor - Gallery 18
STATUE OF TYCHE This is a copy of an artifact dating from the 4th century...
* Archaeological Museum
Ground Floor - Gallery 20
HEAD OF ALEXANDER THE GREAT

HEAD OF ALEXANDER THE GREAT

When the Macedon king Alexander the Great, who lived between 356 and 323 BC, ascended to the throne, he was not even twenty. The legendary commander, who died at the age of 33, has never been forgotten during the twenty-three centuries passed since then, thanks to his glorious and great conquests during a short period of kingdom. He overthrew the Persian Empire and established a great empire extending from Macedonia to India. The cities founded by Alexander, who spent most of his life in Asia, as military bases turned into cultural and commercial centers later and played an important role in the spread of the Ancient Greek culture up to India.

The era of Alexander the Great, of which artistic influences can be followed as well, was a transition period between the periods of Classical Art and Hellenistic Art.

The Head of Alexander the Great, dated to the 2nd century BC, was found during excavations at the Lower Agora in Pergamon (Bergama).

His head is inclined towards his shoulder, the lock of hair from the front of his head, slightly pulled back, resembles a lion's mane and his hair is irregularly waved in both sides. This is the hairstyle of Alexander the Great. All of the aspects such as his heavy eyelids and round eyes, thick eyelashes, slightly open mouth that does not show his teeth are characteristics of the statues of Alexander the Great. This is the style of portraits made by the sculptor Lysippos, who lived in the 4th century BC and led the transition between the Classic Art and the Hellenistic Art. The artist worked for Alexander the Great and he was the only sculptor of Alexander. The deep forehead lines call the big problems faced by the king despite his youth to the mind. This work is reflecting the typical characteristics of the Pergamon sculpture school during the era of King Eumenes II.

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